Cat Articles, Diseases

Kidney Disease (Chronic Renal Failure) in Cats

Animals Affected

Cats, usually middle-aged or older.

Overview

Kidney disease, or kidney failure, is the most common major medical problem of older cats. Many cats survive with kidney disease for months or years after diagnosis. However, kidney disease generally is not curable. The disease is chronic and progressive, and over time causes fatality in most cases.

Upper Respiratory Infections in Cats

Animals affected

Cats and kittens

Overview

Upper respiratory infections, also known as URIs, are very common in cats. They are similar to colds in people, but they are caused by different types of germs.

URIs are especially common in kittens, and almost all cats will have experienced an upper respiratory infection by the time they reach adulthood. A very large proportion of kittens adopted from shelters suffer from URIs shortly after adoption.

Hyperthyroidism (Hyperactive Thyroid Gland) in Cats

Animals affected

Middle-aged and elderly cats.

Overview

Hyperthyroidism is a disease of the thyroid gland. Located in the neck, the thyroid gland produces a hormone called thyroid hormone. Although thyroid hormone plays a complex role in the body, its main effect is to increase the rate of metabolism. Hyperthyroidism causes excessive production of thyroid hormone. Therefore, the main problem in hyperthyroid animals is increased metabolism.

Symptoms

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

FIC/FLUTD/FUS(Urinary Tract Irritation in Cats)

Animals Affected

Cats

Overview

FIC, FLUTD, and FUS are synonyms for a painful syndrome in cats. FIC is currently the most commonly used name. Its symptoms, listed below, mimic those of bladder infections. FIC is characterized by inflammation of the bladder and urinary tract which can be chronic or recurrent. The urine of these cats often is very strong, and may have an abnormal pH. As well, the syndrome has been correlated with crystals in the urine.